This tutorial explains in step by step how you can download Ubuntu computer operating system from the internet. This includes various methods to do so, among them are via torrents and mirrors, and how to further verify the ISO file with the official checksums. This excludes how to create a bootable media, as it's been covered in a separate tutorial. We hope this article helps everyone in adopting Ubuntu into their computing starting from the most basic things.

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This tutorial will explain how you can create USB bootable installer to install Ubuntu operating system version 22.04 and later to computers. This works for all computer users who use Windows, MacOS and GNU/Linux. We offer various options here so you can pick one you like the most between using Rufus, Etcher and Ubuntu Startup Disk Creator programs. We hope this helps you a lot. Happy computing!

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Good news, Ubuntu 22.04 LTS "Jammy Jellyfish" just released yesterday! Now here's a complete list of the download links for both Desktop and Server Editions. This includes all the Official Flavors from Kubuntu to Kylin. You can download by clicking the direct links just like usual. Thank you very much to Canonical! Happy downloading!


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Today we increasingly saw the importance of privacy and security in computing. This includes our browsing activity, which now needs protection even more than before. This tutorial will help you enable  DNS over TLS (DoT) on Ubuntu using Quad9 service, an alternative technology to DNSCrypt or DoH, that helps preventing anybody to wiretap and/or hijack what website you are visiting on web browser. This feature is already built-in on Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Jellyfish and we do not need to install additional software.  

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Do you still use an older or unsupported Ubuntu on your computer? Don't want to upgrade for some reason? Then, you might want to update or install some new applications but you find it impossible. Good news for you! There are several solutions to fulfill these needs, which are, by making use of Flatpaks, AppImages and Snaps (let's call them FAIS for easier naming). Let's see how FAIS help us to run latest versions of LibreOffice, OnlyOffice, FreeCAD, Nextcloud Server some games and many more on Xenial Xerus (16.04 LTS) as the following. We deliberately chose Xenial so you can be sure that running them on newer Ubuntu will work.

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Powered with latest technology of Free Libre Open Source Software aka FLOSS, comes with a brand new logo, got fantastically enjoyable user interface and experience, while being fast and ready to empower your computers, here's a pre-release overview of Ubuntu 22.04 LTS Jammy Jellyfish. We really found Ubuntu changed bravely this time with Snap adoption and Gimp re-inclusion. We'd love to discover these things for our beloved readers. Happy reading!

(Jammy Jellyfish beta running on ThinkPad laptop)


New Ubuntu Logo and Splash Screen

Ubuntu got a brand new logo! This is a big thing. We think this will be controversial, without doubt, but we admire the brave decision Canonical and The Ubuntu Developers made this time. 

(Jammy in action on a local coffee shop)

New Jellyfish Wallpaper and User Interface

By the name Jammy Jellyfish, now we saw Ubuntu got a pink jellyfish as wallpaper! The user interface is now faster, more responsive, enjoyable to use thanks to its GNOME 42 desktop technology. This means end user will enjoy computing they need with fresh feelings.

(Aww, it's now Jellyfish!)

New Screenshot Tool

Thanks to GNOME 42 technology, now Ubuntu got a brand new screenshot tool. It's simpler, easier to use, and really refreshing to take as many as screen captures as we want. Not only that, it can also take screencast, or a video record of your screen activities.

(Taking screenshot on Jammy)

New Software Center

This is brave decision: Ubuntu Software now officially adopted Snaps. This means end users who install applications through Ubuntu Software will get them in Snap format from Snap Store not in DEB format from Ubuntu DEB repository anymore. However, experienced users can still install DEB packages normally by using APT or Synaptic.

(Software displaying 0 A.D. game with Snap versions displayed as drop down without any of DEB version)

New User Guide Look

The user manual documentation also got a refresh on its visual. This will help end users to find the most basic helps, as the ones placed on top, namely how to get started with desktop, how to run apps, and how to shutdown.


New Dark Theme

Many hard workers will love this: now Ubuntu features dark mode built-in! As an addition, Jammy also includes color themes choices as well as another rich options to its user interface. As reviewer, we're reminded to Deepin OS while first time looking at these.

(Dark mode!)

New Office

Ubuntu Office also known as LibreOffice got freshly updated to version 7.3. Its user interface is nicer, more polished, and it looks so cool with Ubuntu's dark theme.

(Writer, Calc, Impress with Notebookbar user interface enabled under Ubuntu dark more look just so matched)

Welcome Back, Gimp!

Lastly on this overview. Yes, Gimp, the Ubuntu Image Editor, is now included again on Jammy Jellyfish after many years since the golden era of GNOME 2. They're now a family again on Jammy. This means end users can edit and retouch their photos right within Ubuntu without needing to add any application.

(Gimp editing one of Jammy wallpapers with several UI adjustments)


Finally, we think this pre-release Ubuntu Jammy is really nice and we'd love to wait for the official release. We'd love to say thanks for Canonical and The Ubuntu Developers for making pre-release as enjoyable as this. We hope Ubuntu 22.04 LTS will release successfully and get worldwide reception. Thanks and see you next time!

This is the 9th part of Inkscape for Students the Series. After we had learned about vectorization, now we will learn about making effects in general and drop shadow in particular. Skills we will get are, among others, applying opacity, gradients, duplicating objects, and of course, drop shadows. Let's draw now!

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API is the acronym for Application Programming Interface. It works as a software intermediary that allows two applications to talk to each other securely.

When you use an application connected to the Internet, it sends data to a server. The server retrieves that data, interprets it, performs the necessary actions, and sends it back to your device. The application then interprets that data. Finally, it is presented to you, the user, in a universally understood and easy-to-use way. All of this happens via an API. It shares data, resources, even software across different applications without compromising privacy and maintaining a layer of abstraction.

Modern APIs adhere to standards (typically HTTP and REST) that are developer-friendly, easily accessible, and understood broadly. They are treated more like products than code and designed for specific audiences like mobile developers. According to MuleSoft, APIs have become so valuable that they comprise a large part of many businesses' revenue, like Google, eBay,, Amazon, Expedia, etc.