Ade Malsasa Akbar contact
Senior author, Open Source enthusiast.
Wednesday, September 1, 2021 at 09:52

This tutorial explains the steps to install elementary OS 6 to your computer. This offers you several modes you might want to choose, including dualbooting with Windows, dealing with either UEFI or BIOS Legacy, and even installing it to a blank USB flash disk drive. For your information, in this version we meet the brand new installer and is divided into two stages will be explained below. Time to install!
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A >= 8GB USB flash drive as the bootable media,
A >= 16GB USB flash drive as the storage (if you want external drive install) or
A >= 20GB hard disk drive free space (if you want normal install instead),

Where bootable media is equal to installer CD/DVD or floppy disk in the past; normal install is the way most people would install OS with; external install is installation by using external disk like USB flash drive as storage instead of computer's internal HDD. 

Note: beginners would find external install as the safest, easiest, and cheapest way in most situation and we strongly recommend it by using a newly purchased USB flash drive. It is one of the clearest ways to avoid deleting hard disk data when installing.


  • For BIOS computer, the storage must be MBR.
  • For UEFI computer, the storage must be GPT.
  • For hard disk, the file system is EXT4.
  • For USB or SSD storage, the file system is EXT2.
  • For normal install, you only need a bootable USB.
  • For external install, you need a USB as bootable and another USB as storage.
  • Your computer must be 64-bit otherwise you cannot install elementary OS 6.

Download elementary OS 6

Click here to download elementary OS 6. Note: you might also want to purchase elementary OS PC or laptop now shipping worldwide.

Making Bootable USB

You can make bootable USB with Disk Utility (from GNU/Linux) and click here to learn it with Rufus or Unetbootin program (from Windows or MacOS).

Step 1. Start

First step is to prepare language and keyboard input. Under Select a Language, choose English and continue.

Under Select Keyboard Layout section, select English (US) and continue.

Step 2. Disk Partitioning

Second step is disk partitioning. This is the most important part and you must pay attention closely.

For empty computer installation (single boot UEFI):
You should create three partitions which are smallest - middle - biggest in the disk storage.
1. Select the disk (it should be empty since the beginning).
2. Create new partition. 
3. Create smallest partition, by size: 300MB, by type: EFI System Partition, OK. 
4. Create middle partition, by size: 1000MB, by type: SWAP, OK. 
5. Create biggest partition, by size: let it as is, by type EXT4 Filesystem, by mount point: slash character ( / ), OK. 
6. Correct partitioning will look like picture below. 

For dualboot installation (UEFI):
Same as empty installation above but do that in the empty partition in the disk that has been prepared beforehand and do not delete nor use the Windows partition.

For external disk installation (UEFI):
Same as empty installation but do that in the external disk drive (USB flash drive) and not the internal one. 

For BIOS legacy installation (non-UEFI):
Same as empty installation above but with only two last partitions without the smallest aka EFI System Partition, and simply use the internal disk for internal installation or use the external disk (USB flash drive, external HDD) for external install.

Once finished partitioning, click Erase and Install.

Step 3. Installation Process and Reboot

Third step is waiting for the installation process and then restart to go to the second installation stage. This process should be no more than 15 minutes with a healthy, normal HDD or USB flash drive and should be even more faster with an SSD.

Step 4. Username Password Creation

Fourth step is the second stage, that is, creating your username and password and Continue.

Step 5. Finish

Congratulations, you have installed elementary OS 6 onto your computer!

This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.