Ade Malsasa Akbar contact
Senior author, Open Source enthusiast.
Monday, May 8, 2017 at 23:59

Ubuntu MATE 17.04 has been released at April 13th 2017. Here is a review for this user-friendly, desktop-oriented operating system with highly customizable interface and complete set of software. It keeps the same user-experience from the old Ubuntu GNOME2 era while also providing 4 other desktop layout choices (that resemble OS X, Windows, and Unity plus a Netbook-friendly look) and user can transform between them anytime. With only around 550MB of RAM idle use and the latest MATE 1.18, Ubuntu MATE 17.04 becomes an ultimate desktop choice for everyone. I hope you'll enjoy this review and be comfortable with 17.04.

Subscribe to UbuntuBuzz Telegram Channel to get article updates directly.

1. Overview

This is the user interface of Ubuntu MATE 17.04. It features double panel (top-bottom) with menu on top-left, system tray on top-right. The control buttons are located at top-right on every window (as opposite to Unity). 17.04 features 5 different desktop forms that is interchangeable easily.

Desktop with menu

Menu is located on top and is in drop-down style.

Typical window on 17.04

See the titlebar: the control buttons are on top-right. This resembles typical window on Microsoft Windows.

Icons on Desktop

The desktop is usable on Ubuntu MATE to place shortcut icons. And also the panel is usable as well  to place them.

System tray

The tray is also on top. Special for network applet, the user opens it by right-click.

2. Wallpapers

These are the wallpapers of Ubuntu MATE 17.04. They are stored at /usr/share/backgrounds/ubuntu-mate-zesty directory. They are contributed by Ubuntu MATE Community and my favorite is Ubuntu MATE Sunset by Antechdesigns.

3. Desktop Transformation

Ubuntu MATE 17.04 provides you 5 different desktop forms: Windows-like, MacOS-like, GNOME2-like, Unity-like, and Netbook-oriented looks.

How to Switch

You can transform your desktop by changing Panel Layout on MATE Desktop. It's located at menu > System > Preferences > Look and Feel > MATE Tweak.

Windows-like (Redmond)

A bottom panel, bottom-left corner menu, Super key to open menu, plus system tray on bottom-right corner. It has no top panel. If you switch to Ubuntu MATE from Windows or KDE, this form suits you. For most users, I recommend this form for daily use.

GNOME 2-like

This is the default form. But MATE Tweak here provides Fedora Layout, Ubuntu MATE Layout, and GNOME2 Layout. So if you are formerly Fedora or GNOME 2 user, you'll feel like home by these.

Unity-like (Mutiny)

You can also have Unity-like desktop by changing panel layout to Mutiny. Even it has global menu (but in my system, it cannot show the submenu as crashing on every click).

MacOS-like (Pantheon)

This is the reason why Plank is included. If you are formerly MacOS user, with top panel and bottom dock, you'll like this form.

Netbook (Netbook)

This is the screen-space-saving form. It has a single top panel as task bar, menu bar, and system tray. It has no bottom panel. It will suit you while using small laptops. And yes, if you're formerly XFCE user, you'll familiar with this.

Compose Your Own

You can edit the layout as you wish and save it. That would be your own layout theme. You can, for example, adding top panel with autohide function and Plank. Save the result via MATE Tweak.

4. Desktop Themes

There are dark and light themes available built-in. If you need bright colors you will like RadiantMATE (see screenshot).

If you need dark theme, you will like AmbiantMATE Dark.

And if you want the nostalgic one, use TraditionalOK. This is the replacement of classic Clearlooks theme from the beloved old Ubuntu era e.g. 8.04 Hardy Heron.

Even if you need Windows 98 theme, it's preinstalled under the name WinME.


5. Memory Usage

Ubuntu MATE 17.04 uses around 550MB of RAM at idle time after freshly installed. This is a lower cost comparing the same 17.04 releases: Ubuntu Budgie uses ±800MB and Ubuntu Unity uses ±1GB. But it's still higher than Xubuntu with ±330MB or even Kubuntu with ±400MB. I can count Ubuntu MATE 17.04 as suitable for all computers especially the old ones with at least 1GB of RAM.


It consumes around 550-590MB or RAM when idle. A very good number to beat Ubuntu Unity.


What eats my RAM the most? By showing all processes System Monitor shows caja (68MB), Xorg (62MB), and blueman-applet (54MB) as the top three.

6. Default Applications

Ubuntu MATE 17.04 brings complete set of software for daily use. Here is a table to display some.

Category Application Version
Web browser Firefox 52
Office suite LibreOffice 5.3
Email client Thunderbird 45
File manager Caja 1.18
Image viewer Shotwell 0.22
Video player VLC 2.2.4
Audio player Rhythmbox 3.4.1
Application store Software Boutique 17.04
Package manager GDebi 0.9.5
Control panel MATE Control Center 1.18
Tweak tool MATE Tweak 17.04
Webcam manager Cheese 3.24
DVD burner Brasero 3.12
Scanner manager Simple Scan 3.24
IRC client HexChat 2.12
PDF reader Atril 1.18
Download manager Transmission 2.92
Desktop zoomer Xzoom 0.3

7. File Management

Caja File Manager handles all files and folders for you. Caja has multitabbing (Ctrl+T) and vertical split (F3) features, along with file search, remote login (SFTP), open in terminal, and easy look-and-feel customization.

Caja capabilities
  • Multitabbing
  • Split view
  • Remote login via FTP/SFTP
  • Up button 
  • Devices list on panel
  • Bookmarks

Tree and Places View

It's how sidebar is displayed. Left: tree view, right: places view.

Folder's Color

On Ubuntu MATE, user can change the folder color easily using right-click. This fancy feature is very fun.

Folder's Emblem

User can put some emblems to any folder. For example, put Video emblem to a folder containing videos. We know this feature was super popular on the old GNOME 2 and disappeared since GNOME 3. I'm glad that this good feature is still alive. Thanks to MATE Developers.

8. Audio/Video

Ubuntu MATE can play MP4 video, MP3 audio, and also stream YouTube via built-in VLC Media Player. Ubuntu MATE can also play OGG/FLAC audio using Rhythmbox (MP3 support are not preinstalled but available on repo).

Playing MP4

Streaming YouTube

To do so, press Ctrl+N > go to Network tab > paste URL to the text box > press Play.

Playing Audio

Here, Rhythmbox playing some OGG audio files.

9. Add/Remove Programs

Program installation in Ubuntu MATE 17.04 is very easy with Software Boutique. This is the fresh and awesome software center that has clean interface and user-friendly. With this program user can find and install software from Ubuntu Official Repository. Important note: Boutique will offer you another software centers (Synaptic & GNOME Software) in case the number of software displayed here is limited.

Front Page

This is the interface of Boutique. It has icon-centric appearance with simple layout.


It has a horizontal panel showing icons to represent categories. To mention some: Accessories, Education, Games, Graphics, until Universal Access. 

Displaying Software

This is how software displayed on Boutique. It shows each software with a description and a few buttons, arranged in table with double column. Personally I like this way of displaying because it's easier to distinguish one from another.

Details of A Software

Clicking Details button reveals the details of software sucah as license, platform, and source (whether it's from official repo or PPA). It also shows screenshot. 

Note: you can run Software Boutique manually using a command  $ ubuntu-mate-welcome --software-only .

Ubuntu MATE 17.04 also features GDebi so we can install .deb package by right-click.

10. Daily Life

This section displays some example of Ubuntu MATE instant use on everyday life. This features calendar, desktop search, chatting, office documents, and customization.


Ubuntu MATE uses Thunderbird as calendar & schedule manager program. It comes with Lightning addon. It can sync your online calendar (Fruux, Google) as well as managing your own offline calendar.

Desktop Search

Ubuntu MATE provides ability to search file very fast and it can search through file content. This is an ability needed by programmers (e.g. to find some function on what files). Picture below demonstrates how to find files containing the word "latex".


There is Hexchat preinstalled for IRC chatting. The main purpose for the users is so they can contact worldwide users and developers on official IRC channel of Ubuntu MATE: #ubuntu-mate @ freenode. If you have any problem, you can ask there.

Office Document

LibreOffice 5.3 is featured as main office suite. LibreOffice is a complete and free office suite that supports both document format from Microsoft Office (docx/xlsx/pptx) and ODF (odt/ods/odp).


As already mentioned, with Control Center and MATE Tweak you do all customizations. But also it's easy to

  • add or remove panel
  • add applets (my recommendation: Netspeed Indicator)
  • edit panel thickness
  • edit panel background image and transparency
  • preinstalled advanced menu (Linux Mint-like menu)
  • place your most frequently accessed files on desktop
  • right-click on desktop

You can compare these to, for example, Ubuntu Unity where you can't change the panel or add one there. Desktop on Ubuntu MATE is more customizable.

Open in Terminal

User can open terminal from any current directory by right-click. For formerly another distro users, this feature is important.

11. Programming Purpose

Ubuntu MATE 17.04 brings language interpreters:

  • Perl 5.41
  • Python 2.7.13
  • Python 3.5.3
  • GNU awk 4.1.4
  • GNU sed 4.4
  • GNU bash 4.4.5 

And for text editor 17.04 brings Pluma 1.18 and vim 8.0. So user can, for example, code in Python 3 immediately without installing additional programs. If the user needs another stuffs, they can install any of compilers, interpreters, IDEs, and libraries by issuing command such as:

  • Java OpenJDK: $ sudo apt-get install openjdk-8-jdk
  • GCC: $ sudo apt-get install gcc
  • G++: $ sudo apt-get install g++
  • Netbeans: $ sudo apt-get install netbeans
  • Eclipse: $ sudo apt-get install eclipse
  • Qt Creator: $ sudo apt-get install qtcreator
  • Emacs: $ sudo apt-get install emacs

And Ubuntu MATE provides you MATE Search Tool you can use to find some strings or functions inside any file.

12. Technical Details

  • OS name: Ubuntu MATE
  • Version: 17.04
  • Codename: Zesty Zapus
  • Support lifespan: 9 months (until January 2018)
  • Kernel: Linux 4.10
  • GNU: coreutils 8.26, binutils 2.28, glibc 2.24, libstdc++ 6.3.0, bash 4.4, gpg 2.1.15
  • GTK+ version: 3
  • OS family: GNU/Linux
  • Distro family: Debian derivative
  • Package manager: dpkg, apt
  • Package format: .deb
  • Architecture: 32 and 64 bit
  • Init system: systemd
  • Desktop environment:  MATE 1.18
  • Window manager: Marco & Compiz
  • Display server: X Window System 7.7
  • ISO size: 1.7GB
  • Developer: Ubuntu MATE Team
  • Website:

12. Conclusion

Ubuntu MATE 17.04 is a good choice for all desktop purposes with instant needs (multimedia and daily tasks). It takes only around 550MB of RAM at idle time is a incredibly positive surprise for GTK+3-based OS at 2017. It means everyone can use modern GNOME2 (with fully GTK+3) on any computer especially the old one (at least it should have 1GB of RAM) and have a good life. Its complete set of preinstalled software is a plus point so clearly we can recommend Ubuntu MATE for anyone especially those liking Ubuntu but cannot choose Unity/GNOME because of hardware requirements. Thanks to Ubuntu MATE Team!

Release Notes