This guide will show you how to use elementary OS Pantheon desktop. Pantheon is default desktop in elementary OS. After our first guide for GNOME 3, this second guide is intended for
beginner in elementary OS (especially ex. Windows users). You will learn how to use Pantheon for daily
usage. You won't learn any technical or historical side of Pantheon. You
will just work with it. I use elementary OS 2 Luna here.
Pantheon anatomy is basically GNOME 3 but Pantheon is simpler. You find only 5 main components here.
- Menu. Can be accessed by Win + Space or click.
- Time. Calendar and current time.
- System tray.
- Dock. Elementary's dock is called Plank.
- Workspaces. Elementary's workspace switcher is placed on the bottom.
If you were using Windows before, there are concepts you should get before you use Pantheon.
- Pantheon usage is basically focused on top panel and bottom dock.
- Pantheon designed in similar visual appearance with Mac OS X desktop, not Windows.
- Pantheon has bottom dock by default, to replace Windows taskbar panel.
- Pantheon has no bottom taskbar, same with Mac OS X, different with Windows.
- Pantheon has multiple desktop (or multiple workspace), same with Mac OS X, different with Windows.
- You see your running applications by seeing on the dock.
You access your app by menu or by bottom dock (similar with GNOME 3). You open the menu by Win + Space or clicking Applications label on top panel. You open an app from bottom dock by single-clicking its icon.
Create A Shortcut
You can switch workspace by pressing Win + S. Pantheon workspaces is placed at the bottom, similar with right panel for workspaces in GNOME.
Work with Workspaces
When opening workspace switcher (Win + S), app icons will appear on the bottom of every workspace box. To move an app to another workspace, drag the icon to another workspace box. See picture above.
To see window overview, press Win + W. It is similar with Mac OS X Expose.
To switch between running windows, press Alt + Tab. Switching will use bottom dock as window indicator representation.
Pantheon will show you a nice popup in top-left corner every a notification is given by an app.