(Ubuntu Eoan Ermine installs in only 15 minutes and the progress showing LibreOffice among its features)

This tutorial explains steps to install Ubuntu 19.10 safely to your computer either with BIOS or UEFI initialization system. This tutorial mainly guides you to install the OS into an external storage and hence USB Flash Drive is used, but you can practice same installation into normal internal storages, namely Hard Disk Drive (HDD) and Solid State Disk (SSD). You will create at least 2 partitions, and particularly add 1 more partition if your computer is UEFI-based system, and perform 8 steps to finish the installation. Happy working with Eoan Ermine! 
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On Ubuntu 19.10: Review | GNOME 3.34 | Unity Desktop

Preparations


Tools:
  • Your computer and it must be 64-bit.
  • ISO image of Ubuntu 19.10.
  • 2 USB Flash Drives, one at least 8GB, another one at least 16GB.
Methods:
  • Making bootable media
  • Making 2 partitions
  • For UEFI: add 1 more partition.
  • Make backup of your data. 
First: write Ubuntu 19.10 ISO image file (ubuntu-19.10-desktop-amd64.iso) into a USB stick. Simply use GNOME Disk Utility program on GNU/Linux, or Rufus on Windows, or Disk Utility at macOS to write it.

Second: create 2 blank partitions in the bigger sized USB, first partition 14GB or more, and second partition at best 1GB only. First one will be root partition, and second one will be swap.

Third: only for UEFI system*, add one more partition by 100MB only. This third partition will be EFI System Partition. If your computer is BIOS system and not UEFI, then do not make this.

Fourth: if your computer is not empty (e.g. not freshly purchased, already has other OS installed) then you must make backup of all data that are important to you. I strongly suggest you to ask experienced technician nearby to guide you in installing Ubuntu and making backup if you do not have prior experience with OS installation. Show this tutorial to him/her.

 *) Computers that were sold since 2011 are mostly --if not all-- UEFI systems.

Booting


  • Boot up your computer with USB as first bootable media. 
  • Ubuntu 19.10 screen appears with pink-orange color and black top-panel.
  • Select "Try Ubuntu" instead of "Install Ubuntu".
  • Desktop of Ubuntu appears with "Install Ubuntu 19.10" button on desktop.
  • Double-click "Install Ubuntu 19.10" to start the installer.
  • Ubuntu Installer appears and you are ready to install the OS.

1. Select Language


Choose English anyway.



2. Select Keyboard


It is English-US by default and it is safe. If you work with Japanese keyboard for example, select Japanese instead, and so on.


3. Select No Network


Choose I don't want to connect so installation will not require internet access to continue.


4. Select Full Installation & No Update


Choose Normal Installation so everything within Ubuntu will be installed. Because we chosen No Network before, we see here Update option disabled and that's normal.


5. Select Manual Partitioning


Choose Something Else so you enter advanced partitioner page.


6. Partitioning


  • Creating main partition
  • Creating swap
  • Creating ESP for UEFI system
  • Choosing bootloader place

Before anything, this is how the partitioner should look like showing the USB Flash Drive with 2 partitions already created beforehand.

First, create main partition:
  • Select the biggest partition prepared in USB stick, example here the 30GB one.
  • Click Plus button
  • Edit Partition window appears
  • Size: let it be
  • Use as: EXT2 for USB stick, and EXT4 for Hard Disk or Solid State Disk
  • Format the partition: enabled
  • Mount point: /

Second, create swap:
  • Select the smaller partition prepared in USB stick, example here is the 1.4GB one. 
  • Click Plus button. 
  • Edit Partition window appears.
  • Size: let it be
  • Use as: swap area
  • OK

Special for UEFI: create EFI partition:
  • Select your third partition on USB stick, the 100MB one.
  • Click Plus button.
  • Give it filesystem: FAT32
  • Give it mount point: /boot/efi
  • OK.

Third, select bootloader storage:
  • If the root partition is /dev/sdc1, then place bootloader in /dev/sdc.
  • If the root partition is /dev/sdb1, then place bootloader in /dev/sdb.
  • If the root partition is /dev/sda1, then place bootloader in /dev/sda.
  • And so on.

Summary appears before actually proceeding the installation:
  • Installer will inform you for the last time your plans above to change your disk.
  • Read carefully so no partitioning nor bootloader placement mistake would occur.
  • Click Continue once you are sure everything is correct.
  • By continuing, the real installation starts and you cannot go back anymore.

7. Select Location


While progressing, select geographical location where you now live in.

 

8. Create Password & Wait


Create your own username and password. The password here will also be your sudo password.


After all the inputs you just need to wait the rest of progress to be finished. This should take no longer than 15 or 20 minutes.


Once finished, installer will be closed, and it shows "Installation Complete" message. Click Restart Now to reboot and enjoy your new operating system.


Final Result


Here is Ubutu Eoan Ermine running from a 32GB USB pendrive after freshly installed. Congratulations to all Ubuntu developers for this beautiful system.


And before each time entering into Ubuntu, your computer with this USB pendrive should show bootloader that looks like below. It means everything is OK and you are ready to work. Happy working!



This article is licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0.


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