This guide will explain you how to use KDE desktop for daily usage. After our third MATE desktop guide, now it is our fourth about KDE. KDE is a traditional desktop for Linux which has similar appearance with Windows. KDE is very customizable, feature rich, and easy to use. This guide will not explain any of KDE technical or historical side. This article is written for those who never use Linux or KDE before. I use KDE 4.10 on Ubuntu 12.04 for this article.
- KDE Menu. A traditional menu like in Windows 95 or Windows Vista.
- Workspace Switcher. You change workspace with this.
- Shortcut icons. Same like Windows, you can place app icon on the taskbar panel.
- Taskbar. Same like Windows, your running apps will appear here.
- System tray. Default KDE tray plus any tray app will appear here.
- Date and calendar.
- Panel Tool Box. It is a desktop controller where you can add widget, lock widget, change wallpaper, and so on here.
Basically, KDE has same concepts with Windows. They share same traditional desktop metaphor.
- KDE has bottom panel, menu, and taskbar like Windows.
- KDE calls its desktop as Plasma. So you will see many Plasma terms everywhere.
- KDE has its own Control Panel, same like Windows.
- KDE desktop is distinguished into two components, panel and widget. KDE calls widget as Plasmoid.
- KDE desktop has single-click behavior, while Windows desktop has double-click behavior.
To launch an app in KDE, open menu then search your app name. Or, use category to find manually your app i.e. Firefox in Internet category.
To create desktop shortcut, you can do the same thing like in Windows. Choose one of these:
- Right-click one app icon inside the menu > Add to Desktop.
- Drag one app icon inside the menu > drop on the desktop.
- Add widget > select Quicklaunch > drag it to the desktop > right-click on the widget > add new shortcut.
KDE also has window switching behavior, same like Windows. It uses Alt+Tab.
- Push cursor into top-left corner of display (it is called hot corner).
- Press Alt+W or change the shortcut key by your own preference.
Work with Workspaces
- Right-click on titlebar > Move To Desktop > select the number.
- Use Desktop Grid > drag a window > drop to another workspace.
- Use Desktop Grid.
You can lock all widgets on their position so no one can add, remove, or move them. To do that, click Panel Tool Box > More Settings > Lock Widgets. To unlock, do the same thing.